In Northern NSW, in the Border Ranges, ecologists estimate that there might be fewer than 30 individual Eastern Bristlebirds (Dasyornis brachypterus) left in the wild. They are listed as an endangered species under both NSW and the Australian Government legislation. It is believed that the lack of fire in the area since the 1980s has resulted in the loss of grassy habitats critical for the survival of the northern population of the Eastern Bristle Bird. The appropriate re-introduction of fire is critical in managing this population.
A Caring for our Country project was funded in 2012 and administered by the Nature Conservation Council called "Restoring habitat for the nationally threatened species in the Border Ranges region". This project aimed to identify habitat of the eastern bristlebird, to implement targeted fire and weed management strategies in both NSW and Queensland to restore habitat for the northern population of the Eastern Bristlebird. It also aimed to monitor plant and animal responses to the management activities This was a cross state alliance between the Northern Rivers Fire and Biodiversity Consortium and the South East Queensland Fire and Biodiversity Consortium as well as the Hotspots Fire Project, NSW Rural Fire Service, Northern Rivers Catchment Management Authority and South East Queensland Catchments. More than 45 landholders were engaged in the project. Landholders from four properties were involved in the planned burn that was conducted and other landholders participated in a Hotspots Workshop Series.
The NSW Environmental Trust funded the Office of Environment and Heritage a Grassy 'islands' as a key to survival for Bristlebirds in NE NSW project in 2013.This project aims to better understand the fire-related dynamics of grassy 'islands' and how changes in vegetation are linked with changes in Northern Eastern Bristlebirds(NEBB). This project will synthesise evidence of the distribution and attributes of grassy ‘islands’, apply targeted fire regimes and monitor the response in vegetation, NEBB and their key food resources. The project will lead to improved fire management of these unique communities and contribute to recovery of the NEBB.
The Office of Environment and Heritage also have 'Saving Our Species' funding to conduct 4 planned burns in Eastern Bristle Bird habitat. The positive of this funding has been that it has allowed a contractor to be engaged to work work with the 3 private landowners and 1 public landowner to develop burn plans that are within context and achieving good outcomes for the EBB.